Dulatov Mirzhakyp (1885-1935)


Mirzhakyp Dulatov  is a major representative of Kazakh culture and literature of the early XX century, poet, writer, public figure.

His political activities began in 1905. In Omsk, Dulatov met with A. Baytursynov and A. Bokeikhanov. He was one of the authors of the Karkaraly petition. He published the first collection of poems “Awake, Kazakh!” in Kazan in 1909. The edition of the book was destroyed, the author was persecuted and was imprisoned. However, Dulatov continued literary and journalistic activity,  he translated works of Russian and European classics (A.S. Pushkin, M.Yu. Lermontov, F. Shiller, G.Tukay) into Kazakh language. He published the novel “Unhappy Jamal” (1910), a collection of works “Azamat” (1913), “Terme” (1915) in Orenburg. Since 1913 he lived in Orenburg. He published a socio-political newspaper “Kazakh together with A. Beitrursov “. In 1916  he spoke out with Baytursynov and Bokeikhanov, against the tsarist decree on the call of the Kazakhs for rear work. He actively participated in the organization of the movement Alash, he  wrote the program of the party. In 1922-1926 he taught at the Kazakh National Institute of Education in Orenburg. He  worked in the judicial organizations of Petropavlovsk and Semipalatinsk, in the press of Kyzylorda. In  1928  he arrested.  In  1930  he sentenced to death. The verdict was replaced by 10 years in the camps. Dulatov was exiled to the camp at Solovki, where he fell ill and died on October 5, 1935. He was posthumously rehabilitated in 1988. In September 1992 his remains were reburied in his native village in environs of Turgai.