Kasabolatov Yesengali (1889 – 1938)


Kasabolatov Yesengali Kereiuly is a well-known figure in the Western branch of Alash Orda, one of the first Kazakh doctors.

Yesengali Kasabolatov was born in 1889 in the Antonovka village, Kalmykovo district, Ural region. In 1901 he graduated from the Kalmykovo Kazakh-Russian School, in 1909 the Ural Military School. After graduating from the Medical Faculty of Saratov University he worked as a doctor in the village of Zhylykonys. In 1918 he was the head of the political organization Ak Zhol (The Bright way). In 1920 he was a head of the Ural provincial health department and chairman of the Ural Gubrevcom (provincial revolutionary committee). In 1922 he worked in the NKVD (The people’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs). In 1925-1927he was the chairman of the Consumer Cooperatives of the Kazakh Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1928-1929 he openly opposed the company of forced sedentary population. For this in November 1929 Ye. Kasabolatov was accused as a “participant in sabotage” in the Mendeshev’s group and was relieved of his post. In 1930-1931 he was the secretary of the district committee of the party VKP (b) (All-Union Communist party of Bolsheviks) of Astrakhan, deputy chairman of the Astrakhan district executive committee. He mainly dealt with problems of interethnic relations and national issues. In 1931 he was appointed rector of the Almaty Medical Institute. In 1933-1935 he was the director of the state farm “Kyzyl Kain” in the Almaty region. In 1936-1937 he was the head of the economic planning department of the People’s Commissariat of Health of the Kazakh SSR, the second deputy administrator of the regional trust “Glavneft” (The main control of the oil industry), the deputy plenipotentiary of the company “Nefttorg” (Oil trade) in Kazakhstan.

He was arrested on August 29, 1937 in the city of Almaty; on February 26, 1938 he was sentenced to death. By the decision of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR Ye. Kasabolatov was rehabilitated on December 7, 1957.