Karash Gumar (1875-1921)


Karash Gumar is a poet, public figure. He was born in Zhanybek district, West Kazakhstan oblast  in 1875. He studied  literacy at the aul mullah. In 1902 he taught in his native village. In  1911-1913  he worked in the newspaper “Kazakhstan”. He collected and published samples of Kazakh folklore in the collection “ІІІаiyr” (1910) and “Kөksilder” (1911) under the guidance of Sh. Bokeev. During the poet’s lifetime five poetry collections “Bala tulpar” (Ufa, 1911), “Karlygash” (Kazan, 1911), “Tumysh” (Ufa, 1911), “Aғa tylpar” (Orenburg, 1914), ” (Ufa, 1918) and  research  in 3 volumes “Oyғa kelgen pikirlerim” (Orenburg, 1910), “Өrnek” (Ufa, 1911), “Bedel  hazhy” (Kazan, 1913) were published. In his works G. Karash expressed  his feelings and views of the world around him, a protest against violence and evil. G. Karash was a supporter of the Alash Party and  his government (a collection of poems “Alashtyn azamattaryna -“ To citizen of Alash” ), he spoke out against force ways of overthrowing the existing social formation (Neden korkamyn (Why we was afraid), “ Kun tudy(“The day came “).  But he soon joined the struggle for Sovietization of the aul.

G.Karash is a participant in the congress of the Kazakhs of the Bokei Horde in the Horde (May 1917) and the 2nd All-Kazahk Congress in Orenburg (December 5-13, 1917). He was a  delegate of the First Congress of Teachers of the Bokeyev Gubernia (September 24, 1918) and the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th Congresses (1918-1920) of the Bokeev Gubernia Councils. He was a editor of the first of the Kazakhstan pedagogical magazine “Migalimge”( For teachers). His enlightenment views was expressed in the work of “Pedagogy”. In 1920 he was a  head  of the department of the Bokeyev Provincial Executive Committee. He died in the place of Kuzanshapkan from the hands of bandits. The works of G.Karash were printed in Kazakh in school textbooks, in Russian – in the collection “Anthology of Kazakh Poetry” (1958) and “Kazakh Poets” (Leningrad, 1978). Verses and poems of the poet, his philosophical reflections, stories and articles were published in the collection of Zaman (Almaty, 1994).