BEREMZHANOV Ahmed (Akhmet) and BEREMZHANOV Gazymbek


The Beremzhanov family are outstanding personalities in many generations, batyrs and biys. The beginning of the family goes back to the national hero-warrior batyr Shakshak Zhanibek, the first Kazakh Tarkhan. On the female side they were relatives with Ibrai Altynsarin. I. Altynsarin’s mother was the elder sister of Beremzhan (Birimzhan) Chegenov (Shegenov), the grandfather of Akhmet and Galymbek. The Chegenov brothers – Beremzhan and Kazybek supported I. Altynsarin, contributed to the opening of the school and sent their sons to study there [6]. Beremzhan together with A. Seidalin  took part in the St. Petersburg trip in 1859. The delegation represented noble sultans and biys and attended a reception in the imperial palace. A researcher of the history of the region, Marat Abdeshov  found a photograph depicting 9 people, including Beremzhan and young Almuhamed Seydalin [11].

The great-grandfather of Akhmet and Gazimbek was the ruler of the Argyn tribe in the upper reaches of the Middle Zhuz. The summer pasture of Shegen Musauly was located between the Tobol and Torgai rivers, and the winter pasture was along the Torgai river [6]. Shegen Musauly was born in 1785. The eloquent expressions and folk legends of Shegen bi have now become proverbs and sayings, widespread among the people, and still remain famous.

Korganbek Beremzhanov, the father of Akhmet and Gazymbek, was the second son in the family, he was born in 1852. He studied at a school opened in Turgai district in 1864 by the famous Kazakh educator Ibrai Altynsarin. He knew Russian  fluently . Korganbek Beremzhanov was a junior assistant of the head of the Turgai district. For the proper execution of his duties in the tzar service, Korganbek was elected to the delegation of Kazakhs from the Turgai region to be presented to the Highest Court in St. Petersburg. Perhaps it was then that he decided to get  the Russian education of his children. Korganbek took an active part in the opening of schools, purchased textbooks at his own expense, opened a library in Turgai for schoolchildren and teachers, he has  put  a room in his house for the library, and he was one of the initiators of the creation of the first public library [1].

Akhmet’s mother was Hansha, the daughter of the Kipchak Nauryzbai bi.

From baybishe Korganbek Hanshi two sons were born – Akhmet and Abdikarim and one daughter. Children born from his second wife Gulmay (daughter of Seydaly Tore) were :Gazymbek, Gazima, Batyrkhan, Shaken, Mukhtar, Karim, Nurkhan, Zhumakhan [7].

The daughter of the famous public figure M. Dulatov – Dulatova Gulnar Mirzhakypovna compiled the chronicle of Akhmet as follows: Shakshak – Koshey – Koshkar – Zhanibek – Dautbay – Musa – Shegen – Beremzhan – Korganbek – Akhmet – Batyrbek and Murat, from Batyrbek Rustem, from him – Dauren, from Murat – Iskander [7].

Photo of the family of Korganbek Beremzhanov (between 1910-1913).

In the center are sitting Abdykarim Beremzhanov’s wife; The Beremzhanovs’ spouses are Kulmay and Kurgambek.

From left to right: local doctor of the 1st medical district of the Turgai district of the Turgai region Nikolai Grigorievich Gorin; Akhmet Beremzhanov; Abdykarim Beremzhanov; Gazymbek Beremzhanov; volost governor of the Tusun region of the Turgai district, nephew of Korganbek Beremzhanov Zhakyp Daurenbekov; district chief Richard Genrikhovich Garf are standing. To the left of the mother in the foreground are Kazim’s daughter; boy at his mother’s knees – Mukhtar Beremzhanov; boy near his father – Batyrkhan Korganbekov

Korganbek attached great importance to the continuation of the education of his children, who began studying in Russian in the steppe. Under his patronage, his eldest son Akhmet (1871-1927) entered and successfully graduated from the men’s gymnasium in Orenburg in 1891, receiving excellent characteristics and a recommendation to continue his education at the Kazan Imperial University [2].

At first Korganbek Beremzhanov  sent his other son Gazymbek, to the two-year Russian-Kazakh school  of Turgai district, and then to the Orenburg real school. Gazymbek had to wait for a place at an educational institution in Orenburg for several years. Only after the petition of his elder brother Akhmet addressed to the Turgai Governor-General in 1909, Gazymbek was accepted to a vacant place at the Orenburg Real School [3].

Students of the Orenburg Real School, 1914. In the top row, 7th from left, is Gazymbek Beremzhanov (photo from Alexander Iskovsky’s blog)

Due to the fact that Gazimbek studied a lot and was repressed, he did not have time to start his own family.


  1. Collection of memoirs by I.A. Beremzhanova “Memory of the Heart”, edited by Z.N. Aitkhozhina, Moscow, 2015.
  2. GA RT F.977, op.1LD, no.32110
  3. Central State Administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan f.25, op.1, d.1545
  4. Aitkhozhina L., grandniece of G.K. Beremzhanova. Gazymbek Beremzhanov. Bright but short life // website of Geneology and local history
  5. Beysenbayuly Zh. Kazakh Genealogy. – Almaty, 1994. – 35 p.
  6. Zhusipuly A. Shakshak Zhanibek batyr // Kostanay tany. – 2000. – 25 shilde.
  7. Dulatova G. Eternal stars of Alash // Zhuldyz. – 2003. – No. 3. – 124–125 bb.
  8. Sultangazi G. Life and work of A. Beremzhanov // Materials of the International Scientific and Practical Conference “Valikhanov Readings – 7”. – T.1. – Kokshetau: Sh. Ualikhanov Kazakh National University 2002. – 286 p.
  9. Shukiruly S. Shakshak Zhanibek is a legend // Zhuldyz. – 1994. – No. 12. – 125 b.
  10. Ibraeva A.G., (Doctor of Historical Sciences) Akhmet Birimzhanov (Beremzhanov) // . Ch. Valikhanov Institute of History and Ethnology
  11. Dulatova G.M. The era of Beremzhanov (abbreviated translation from Kazakh) / Al-Farabi Kazakh National University. – Almaty: Kazakh University, 2011. – P.31-43

Akhmet Beremzhanov

Children and descendants of Akhmed (Akhmet) Beremzhanov

In 1906, Akhmet Beremzhanov got married Gulzhaukhar Seydalina, a representative of the famous Seydalin dynasty.  Later she became the mother of his three children: Batyrbek, Inkar, Murat.[1]. Batyrbek was born in pre-revolutionary Buzuluk, where their father Akhmet Beremzhanov was sent to work as a judicial investigator of the Samara District Court in 1909 [2]. Akhmet and his wife moved to Buzuluk and settled on Orenburgskaya Street in Nikitin’s house. Batyrbek was born in 1911, daughter Inkar was born in 1915, and Murat was born in 1919. The children spent their childhood in Orenburg and Kyzyl-Orda, which were successively the capitals of the young Kazakh autonomy within the USSR.

Gulzhaukhar Almukhamedovna Seydalina (1888-1959) was born in Irgiz in the family of the state councilor of the district judge Almuhamed Seydalin. She was one of the first Kazakh girls to successfully graduate from a Russian 4-grade boarding school, organized by the Kazakh educator Ibrai Altynsarin with the participation of her father. Gulzhaukhar was inclined to study, read a lot and had an excellent memory. At school she learned handicrafts – skillfully sewing, embroidering, weaving lace, and knitting napkins.

She met Akhmet Beremzhanov through family relations. Akhmet often came to visit and communication was limited to ordinary conversations, but despite the 18-year age difference, the girl liked him. Akhmet himself did not show any interest, but it turns out he took a closer look, and then sent matchmakers. The solemn wedding took place in 1908 in Irgiz. According to the tradition established by her father, Gulzhaukhar got married without a bride price, which for that time was breaking the stereotype.

In Buzuluk of Samara province, their son Batash was born in 1911, their daughter Inkar was born in Turgai in 1915, and Murat was born in Semipalatinsk, in   1919, when the family lived in Semipalatinsk. Murat’s birth was attended by Mukhamedzhan Tynyshpayev’s wife, Rabiga. After the tragedy with M. Dulatov, the Beremzhanov family sheltered and raised his daughter Gulnar, who left her studies in Tomsk (1933) and moved to Alma-Ata. Gulnar developed warm friendly relations with Gulzhaukhar and only with her did she share her innermost secrets. Gulnar Dulatova decribed very warm memories of her Gulzhaukhar-azha in the book “The Age of Beremzhanov”.

In 1920, Gulzhaukhar was forced to raise her children alone, as her husband was sent to the new capital of Kazakhstan, Orenburg. She lived for a year in the Turgai steppe, wintering with relatives. In the summer of 1921, after Murat’s illness, the family moved to Turgai. At that time, the house of Korganbek Beremzhanov’s father-in-law was occupied by the Turgai police. Gulzhaukhar managed to get a job there and ensured that she was allocated three living rooms and a kitchen in this house. By winter she transported the children from the steppe to Turgai. In the summer of 1923 she with  children  moved to Orenburg to her husband. Akhmet respected his wife so much that he instilled in his children: “What mom said is the law.” In 1925, the family moved to Kyzyl-Orda and lived on Lenin Street in house No. 15.

All Gulzhaukhar’s younger brothers and sister politely addressed to her and called her Jacquet-aga. Her father  thought up an unusual address “aga” for her,as  for an older man. He cultivated in his family a respectful attitude towards his daughters and towards women in general. He believed that a woman accustomed to respectful treatment at home, having married and found herself in someone else’s family, would not allow herself to be offended.

After the death of her husband, being an educated person, Gulzhaukhar went to work at the Kazakh Central Executive Committee as a clerk and actively took part in public work. The younger children were given a pension until they reached adulthood. The family continued to live in Kyzyl-Orda. In 1930, Batash studied at Kazakh Pedagogical Institute  in Almaty. In 1931 the whole family moved to Alma-Ata. Gulzhaukhar gets a job at the People’s Commissariat of Communications and after a few months gets a room (15 sq.m.) in a communal apartment. There was little space and nowhere to put a bed, so Batash-aga slept on a box, and Murat on a sliding oak table.

According to the children’s recollections: “Mom was a very smart, strong woman with a courageous character, proactive, strict, but fair. Mom had a mathematical mind – she easily solved difficult arithmetic problems without picking up a pencil.  She was widow  at 38 years old. With her, we did not feel like orphans. We were always well-fed, shod, and dressed, despite the fact that it was the hard period in the country. She ran her household economically. Her human qualities were evidenced by the fact that she always took care of her father’s orphaned relatives.

When one of her father’s distant relatives was arrested, she demanded to be brought to Alma-Ata. Mom said: “If she dies of hunger, it will be a shame for the whole family! Zhamilya-sheshe lived in the same room with us for a whole year, until her grandson, having freed himself, took her away.” In 1934, Batash received a 3-room apartment from the Zooveterinary Institute, where the family moved. In 1936, Batyrbek and Murat left to study in Leningrad. Batyrbek was arrested and sent to Alma-Ata. For eleven months, Gulzhaukhar regularly went to the NKVD, but the transfers were not accepted. Subsequently, she wrote several letters of complaint addressed to the head of the NKVD. Batash-aga was released due to lack of evidence of a crime. Family life began to improve.

Gulzhaukhar’s father, Almuhamed Seydalin (1832-1898), is the great-grandson of Abulkhair Khan, who swore allegiance to the Russian Empire in 1731, thereby marking the beginning of the annexation of Kazakhstan to Russia. Almuhamed Seydalin [5] graduated from the Neplyuevsky Cadet Corps in Orenburg in 1855, then as an external student from the Faculty of Law of the Imperial University in St. Petersburg. He served in the 4th Orenburg Line Battalion, then in the Orenburg Border Commission. The commission was the center of oriental studies. Seydalin served as a translator and worked as the secretary and confidant of the scientist V.V. Grigorieva. In 1856 and 1860 (1959) he accompanied as a translator a deputation of the Kazakh nobility to St. Petersburg for presentation to the Supreme Court.

On his last trip he met Chokan Valikhanov. In 1864, he was promoted to the rank of captain of the army cavalry, and in 1869 he was transferred to the position of district judge in the Nikolaev district of the Turgai region by order of the Ministry of Justice. He was awarded the orders of St. Anna 3rd degree (1873), St. Stanislav 3rd degree (1884), St. Vladimir 4th degree (1885). He was a full member of the Orenburg department of the Russian Geographical Society. From 1911-1915 he was a regular correspondent for the magazine “Aikap”. The family was large: three eldest sons – Zhikhansha, Yahya, Zulkarnai and three younger sons – Smagul, Musa, Suyungerey and three daughters – Gulzhaukhar, Gulzhikhan and Rabiga [12].

Children of Akhmet Beremzhanov – Inkar and Batyrbek, Buzuluk, 1916 or 1917

Batyrbek Akhmetovich Beremzhanov – the eldest son of Akhmet Beremzhanov was born on December 10, 1911 in Buzuluk. He  died in 1985 in Alma-Ata.  He was a scientist, Doctor of Chemical Sciences, professor, corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR, Honored Scientist of the KazSSR. He is one of the first Kazakhs to become scientists in the field of chemical sciences and made a huge contribution to the formation and development of chemical science in Kazakhstan.

Batyrbek began his education at the school of Ibrai Altynsarin in Turgai. Then he studied at the Kazakh experimental demonstration school for 9 years. When his father died, he was 15 years old. After completing his studies, in 1928, he entered the Oregburg Kazakh Institute of Public Education (KINO), which in 1930 was merged with Almaty University, and in 1932 this institute was transformed into the Kazakh Pedagogical Institute. The choice of this institute was made because they paid a scholarship, and this was important for the family budget. After graduating from Kazakh pedagogical institure, Batash took care of his family.

After graduating from the institute, he entered graduate school at Leningrad State University. In 1938, he was arrested by the UNKGB for the Leningrad Region.  He was rehabilitated on March 13, 1939 by the NKVD of the Kazakh SSR for lack of proof of the crime. Since 1934 he was assistant, senior lecturer, associate professor, head of department at Kazakh State University, dean of the Faculty of Chemistry.  B.A .Beremzhanov’s textbook “ Common Chemistry”  was published. In 1962. At that time this textbook was the only chemistry textbook for universities in the Kazakh .

Two parts of the book “Workshop on Inorganic Chemistry” edited by B.A. Beremzhanov were published in 1976-1977. He also wrote many popular brochures, a Russian-Kazakh terminological dictionary on chemistry and manuals for teachers and students. For a number of years he was a member of the editorial board of the republican magazine “Knowledge and Work“. In 1970, B.A. Beremzhanov was appointed a member of the Main Editorial Board of the Kazakh Soviet Encyclopedia and Chairman of the Editorial Council on Chemistry of the Kazakh Soviet Encyclopedia by government decree. In 1977, he was also appointed a member of the Main Editorial Board of the Kazakh Agricultural Encyclopedia. In 1980, an industrial laboratory for ultrasonic decomposition of mineral raw materials was opened  at the Department of Inorganic Chemistry under the leadership of B.A. Beremzhanov. B.A. Beremzhanov personally and together with his colleagues published more than 800 scientific papers, many of them were awarded certificates of honor and diplomas of the DI. Mendeleev All-Union Chemical Society.


As a Permanent dean of the Faculty of Chemistry of the Kazakh State University for 26 years (until 1980), B.A. Beremzhanov put a lot of effort and energy into organizing 6 new departments at the faculty: chemistry of rare elements, chemistry of natural compounds, chemistry of macromolecular compounds, colloidal chemistry, general chemistry, chemical kinetics and combustion. Under his leadership, the Faculty of Chemistry became an advanced educational and scientific center of the university. According to the ranking of the level of education in the USSR, the Faculty of Chemistry of Kazakh State University at that time occupied third place after Moscow and Leningrad Universities. These achievements are inextricably linked with the name and activities of Batyrbek Akhmetovich.  He was awarded the Orders of Lenin, Friendship of Peoples, and the Badge of Honor [6, 8]. On the monument erected by his wife and son, the words of Sultan-Mahmut Toraigyrov “If you work for the country, the people will love you.” are carved.

Batyrbek Akhmetovich Beremzhanov’s wife is Anel Abdulovna Bukeikhanova, son is Rustem Batyrbekovich Beremzhanov, a chemist, grandson Dauren Rustemovich has 2 daughters, they live in Almaty.


Inkar Akhmetovna Beremzhanova was a (1915, Buzuluk – 2002, Moscow), scientist, Doctor of Biological Sciences, professor, head of the department of normal physiology of the Alma-Ata State Medical Institute (now the S.D. Asfendiyarov Medical Academy).

At first Inkar Akhmetovna studied  at an experimental demonstration commune school in Orenburg.  After moving the capital, she studied  at the Kzyl-Orda school. She lost her father early, in 1928. Since 1931, she studied at the Alma-Ata Veterinary Institute, which she graduated in 1935. She started working there as an assistant.

She got married in 1938. Her husband, Nurkhan Kurganbekovich Kurganbekov, was one of the most talented young mining engineers, worked as the head of the mining technical inspection under the Council of People’s Commissars of the Kazakh SSR. Graduated from graduate school at the Institute of Physiology of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR. I.A. Beremzhanova has published more than 80 scientific articles and written one monograph. Three doctoral and five candidate dissertations were completed under her supervision. Many of these scientists currently head large scientific and teaching teams. Her students work in all corners of Kazakhstan and far beyond its borders. In 1989, the USSR Academy of Sciences and the I.P. Pavlov All-Union Society awarded I.A. Beremzhanov by the  medal of I.P. Pavlov for outstanding achievements in physiological science. The medal is personalized, with the words engraved on it: “Science demands from a person his entire life.” I.P. Pavlov [9, 10].

Her daughter  Aitkhozhina Zora Nurkhanovna was born 1943 and died in 2021), granddaughter Leila Aitkhozhina who has a daughter Maya, 14 years old).

Murat Akhmetovich Beremzhanov (1919, Semipalatinsk – 1980, Alma-Ata).

In 1920, when Murat was one year old, his father was forced to leave for Orenburg, the new capital, leaving his family in the Turgai steppe. During this period, Murat was very sick, but luckily, a steppe doctor came to the village and after treatment the child began to feel better, the wounds healed, and he began to walk. Kumis, which Murat fell in love with after treatment, also contributed to his recovery. Waking up earlier than everyone else, he walked around several yurts, where they treated him to kumys, while he sat down in the most honorable place (tor), returning home he slept soundly. Over the summer, he grew stronger and stronger, becoming larger and more powerful than his elders. After Murat recovered, the family moved to Turgai in the summer of 1921.

In 1936 he entered the Plekhanov Leningrad Trade Institute to the Faculty of Planning and Economics. After graduating from the institute in June 1941, he immediately went to the front, participated in the defense of Leningrad, was surrounded, then fought again, was wounded and taken to the hospital along the “Road of Life” in 1942. At the request of his mother, Gulzhaukhar, the head of the hospital where Murat was lying, sent him to the Alma-Ata hospital. He was treated for osteomyelitis for a long time. When the wound healed, Murat got a job in the trade department, where he worked until his death (1980).

He had a son, Iskander (Iskandar) Muratovich Beremzhanov.  His son an  electronics engineer by profession, he graduated from the Polytechnic Institute. Iskandar was born in Dushanbe in 1944, where the parents of Murat’s wife lived. Now lives in Volgograd (Russia). Has 2 daughters Anastasia (1973) and Zora (1976).



  1. RGIA. F.1405. Op. 544. D.1059
  2. RGIA. F.1405. Op.544. D.1059. P.18
  3. Documents from the family archive of Z.N. Aitkhozhina (daughter of I.A. Beremzhanova)
  4. Aitkhozhina L. Akhmed Kurgambekovich Beremzhanov – face from the portrait // (site genealogy and local history)
  5. Central State Historical Archive St. Petersburg. F.14. Op.3. D.37347

6. Batyrbek Akhmetovich Beremzhanov (author’s blog KAZPORTAL.KZ)

  1. Amirkhamzin A. post May 21, 2020 social network Contact //
  2. The era of Beremzhanov [Text] / ed. B. T. Zhumagulov. – Almaty: Kazakh University, 2011. – 437 p., 56 p. on – ISBN 9786012472844: 6000.00 tenge.
  3. Suleymanova Zh. My whole life. In September 2002, Inkar Akhmetovna Beremzhanova passed away // New generation. – 2002. – November 29 (No. 48) // Batyrbek Akhmetovich Beremzhanov (author’s blog KAZPORTAL.KZ)
  4. Aitkhozhina Z.N. Memory of the Heart
  5. Esteliktegi Alash: Adebi-tanymdyk bassylym. Kurast. S. B. Zhumagul. – Karaganda, housing construction project “TENGRI Ltd”, 2018. – 676 b.
  6. I have the honor – Almuhamed Seydalin // Monuments of history and culture of Kazakhstan. – Alma-Ata, 1992. – Issue. 5.
  7. Dulatova G.M. The era of Beremzhanov (abbreviated translation from Kazakh) / Al-Farabi Kazakh National University.– Almaty: Kazakh University, 2011.
  8. Beremzhanova I.A. About our family. I dedicate to the memory of my brother Batyrbek Akhmetovich Beremzhanov // in the book The Epoch of Beremzhanov. Kazakh National University named after. Al-Farabi. – Almaty: Kazakh University, 2011. – P.44-56

15. Beremzhanov Gazymbek //*=VFXPt6HuSOTzykgSkkGrrGcy%2Bih7InVybCI6Imh0dHBzOi8vcG9tb3JpZS1rYXJlbGlhLnJ1L2ZpbGUuY2dpP2l

  1. Mambetkaziev E.A., Doctor of Chemistry. n. Grateful memory // in the book. VIII International Beremzhanov Congress on Chemistry and Chemical Technology”: Sat. report (October 9-10, 2014). – In 2 parts – Part 1. – Ust-Kamenogorsk, 2014. – 266 p. (p. 3-8)
  2. Sharipova N.S. and others, Beremzhanov’s School // in the book. VIII International Beremzhanov Congress on Chemistry and Chemical Technology”: Sat. report (October 9-10, 2014). – In 2 parts – Part 1. – Ust-Kamenogorsk, 2014. – 266 p. (P. 9-11)
  3. Kuzembaev K.K., Doctor of Chemical Sciences. A noble descendant of a noble family // in the book. VIII International Beremzhanov Congress on Chemistry and Chemical Technology”: Sat. report (October 9-10, 2014). – In 2 parts – Part 1. – Ust-Kamenogorsk, 2014. – 266 p. (P.11-17)
  4. Kuzembaev K.K., Doctor of Chemical Sciences. In those sunny days // in the book. VIII International Beremzhanov Congress on Chemistry and Chemical Technology”: Sat. report (October 9-10, 2014). – In 2 parts – Part 1. – Ust-Kamenogorsk, 2014. – 266 p. (p. 17-20)